In fact the whole period of the Harappan Civilazation is divided into three distinct phases: Archaeological remains of a port are found at Lothal. Wheat and barley were the main crops grown besides sesame, mustard and cotton. Search form. Ornament making was their technical forte. Short Essay on the Economic Life of the Harappan Civilizaiton. This chapter of the history study material & notes is meant to cover the essential and exam-worthy details of the ancient Vedic period. The ruins and various evidence of Harappa and Mahenjo-daro reveal a great deal about social and economic life of the people of Indus valley. Raw-materials were brought from sub-urban villages on the outskirts of the towns and manufacturing work was done in towns. The Harappan people had mastered the art of preparing metallic objects, made of gold, silver, copper, tin and alloy. The button-shaped seals of Lothal are similar to the ones of the Persian gulf region. Through trade and commerce they, too, were able to establish contacts with others inside India and outside. people had a trade link with Western Asia. The weight system involved the decimal method and done in multiples of 16 like 16,320,640,1600, 3200 etc. The Ancient Indus Valley Civilization Architecture, engineering, the arts, and sciences: these were only a few of the areas in which the Harappan civilization was accomplished. The food of the Harappans was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. The domestic articles used by the Indus people and the comfortable houses in which they lived show prosperity of the Indus people. The social and economic life of of the people of Harappan Civilization was systematic and organized. The cylindrical seal recovered from Mohenjo-Daro substantiates to this. Copyright 10. On some were painted the pictures of peacock and sometimes, alternate rows of circles and squares running to five or six lines. The discovery of Harappa in 1829 CE was the first indication that any such civilization existed in India, and by that time, Egyptian hieroglyphics had been deciphered, Egyptian and Mesopotamian sites excavated, and cuneiform would soon be translated by the scholar George Smith (l. 1840-1876 CE). Harappan people built an agricultural irrigation and fertility system based on the silt-bearing floods.A variety of crops were grown in this area. These sites, each of which measures more than 3 mi (5 km) in circumference, were once great urban centers, the chief cities of the Indus civilization. One case in point is the necropolis at Rakhigarhi site (Haryana, India), one of the largest cities of the Harappan Civilization, where most burials within the cemetery remained uninvestigated. They, too, built images made of bronze. Mettalurgy of Harappan Civilization; The Aryans wear helmet and defensive armour which were unknown to the Harappan.  Articles focused on topics of anthropological or socio-cultural significance including family dynamics, gender, social relations, religion, daily life, ideologies and social stratification in the ancient Indus Valley civilization. Report a Violation. Trade and business grew as a result of close inter-action between the town and its sub-urban villages. On the latter were painted images of birds and decorative designs of creepers. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Shubham, Nimish, Nihar, Shivangi, Gopinath 2. Animal husbandry supplemented their agriculture. George F. Dales. Time Duration of Indus Valley Civilization: As revealed by Radio-Carbon this civilization thrived during 2500-1750 B.C. There are similar indicators to show the trade-links with Egypt. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Excavations have brought to surface various ovens used by them for preparing meal alloy. There is no clear idea about the political life of the Indus Valley Civilization. Their seals reveal the images of tiger, bear, rhino etc. Civic Planning was advanced and sophisticated. 287 peer-reviewed articles from leading journals about the latest discoveries about the ancient Indus civilization, its antecedents and contemporaries in the Persian Gulf and Mesopotamia, during the Bronze Age 3500-1700 BCE by the world's ancient Indus archaeologists and scholars. The earthenware were as artistic as they were useful. They knew how to prepare metallic objects after melting the metal. Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. They also protected themselves by building forts and high walls to ward off the external enemy. The Harappan people domesticated many animals like cow, buffalo, sheep, elephant, camel, pig etc. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Date of the Harappan Culture In 1931, Sir John Marshall estimated the duration of the occupation of Mohenjo-Daro between 3250 and 2750 B.C. It is time to unearth the mysteries, myths and ignorance about the great Harappa of the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus valley population consisted of Australoid, Mediterranean, Mongoloid and Alpine races. Economic life There was a great progress in all spheres of economic activity such as agriculture, industry and crafts and trade. The surplus produce was stored in the granary. The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River which now runs 8 km to the north. Many earthen toy-carts for children have been found. Their trade was confined not only to India but spread to foreign areas like Sumer, Akad, Egypt, Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean. Things produced by them were sufficient to meet the domestic demand and the craze for those in foreign markets as well. Adapt in trade, the Harappan people exported wheat, maize, other crops and cotton goods. Burnt bricks were widely used for construction purpose. This name is inaccurate. Stone-slabs used as weights and of varying weights have been recovered to indicate their use. The ruins of Mohenjo-daro were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.. How did the Indus civilization end? As a matter of fact the Harappan culture was urban in nature with exceptional skill in building and town-planning in their civic life. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. Economic Life of Indus Valley Civilization – The Indus Valley Civilization of Harappan economy was based on irrigated surplus agriculture, cattle rearing, proficiency in various crafts and brisk trade. One of the main economic activities of ancient Mesopotamia was agriculture, which largely relied on irrigation for success. 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